The statute generally prohibits federal military personnel and units of the National Guard under federal
authority from acting in a law enforcement capacity within the United States, except where expressly authorized by
TheCoast Guard is exempt
from the Act.
The Act was a response to, and subsequent
prohibition of, the military occupation by U.S. Army troops of the former Confederate States during the ten years
of Reconstruction (1867–1877) following theAmerican Civil
War (1861–1865). The U.S. withdrew Federal troops from Southern states as a result of a
compromise in one of the most disputed national elections in American history, the1876 U.S. presidential
Tilden ofNew York, theDemocratic candidate,
defeatedRepublican candidateRutherford B.
Hayes ofOhio in the popular vote. Tilden garnered
votes to Hayes' 165; 20 disputed electoral votes remained uncounted. After a bitter fight,
Congress struck a deal resolving the dispute and awarding the presidency to Hayes.
In return for Southern acquiescence regarding Hayes, Republicans agreed to support the withdrawal of
federal troops from the former Confederate states, ending Reconstruction. Known as theCompromise of 1877, this deal of
political expediency removed federal protection for Southernex-slaves. The U.S. Constitution places primary responsibility for the holding
ofelections in the hands of the
individual states. The maintenance of peace, conduct of orderly elections, and prosecution of unlawful actions
are all state responsibilities, pursuant to the states' primary job of exercising police power and maintaining
law and order.
During the local, state, and federal elections of 1874 and 1876 in the former Confederate states, all
levels of government chose not to exercise their police powers to maintain law and order.[citation
needed] Many acts of violence, and a suppression of the vote of
some political and racial groups, resulted in the election ofstate
legislators and U.S. congressmen who halted and reversed political reform in the American
Representatives andSenators from the former
Confederate states reached Washington, they set as a priority the creation of a statute prohibiting any future
President or Congress from directing, by military order or federal legislation, the imposition of federal troops
in any U.S. state.
The original provision was enacted as Section 15 of chapter 263, of the Acts of the 2nd session of
Sec. 15. From and after the passage of this act it
shall not be lawful to employ any part of the Army of the United States, as a posse comitatus, or
otherwise, for the purpose of executing the laws, except in such cases and under such circumstances as such
employment of said force may be expressly authorized by the Constitution or by act of Congress ; and
no money appropriated by this act shall be used to pay any of the expenses incurred in the employment of
any troops in violation of this section and any person willfully violating the provisions of this section
shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction thereof shall be punished by fine not exceeding
ten thousand dollars or imprisonment not exceeding two years or by both such fine and
The text of the relevant legislation is as follows:
Whoever, except in cases and under circumstances expressly authorized by the
Constitution or Act of Congress, willfully uses any part of the Army or the Air Force as a posse
comitatus or otherwise to execute the laws shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more
than two years, or both.
Also notable is the following provision withinTitle 10 of
theUnited States Code (which
concerns generally the organization and regulation of the armed forces and Department of Defense):
U.S.C.§ 375. Restriction on direct participation by military
The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to ensure
that any activity (including the provision of any equipment or facility or the assignment or detail of
any personnel) under this chapter does not include or permit direct participation by a member of the
Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps in a search, seizure, arrest, or other similar activity unless
participation in such activity by such member is otherwise authorized by
On September 26, 2006,President Bush urged Congress to
consider revising federal laws so that U.S. armed forces could restore public order and enforce laws in the
aftermath of a natural disaster, in the wake ofHurricane Katrina.
Section 1076 is titled "Use of the Armed Forces in major public emergencies." It provided that:
The President may employ the armed forces... to... restore public order and enforce the laws of the
United States when, as a result of a natural disaster, epidemic, or other serious public health emergency,
terrorist attack or incident, or other condition... the President determines that... domestic violence has
occurred to such an extent that the constituted authorities of the State or possession are incapable of
maintaining public order... or [to] suppress, in a State, any insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful
combination, or conspiracy if such... a condition... so hinders the execution of the laws... that any part
or class of its people is deprived of a right, privilege, immunity, or protection named in the Constitution
and secured by law... or opposes or obstructs the execution of the laws of the United States or impedes the
course of justice under those laws.
In December 1981, additional laws were enacted clarifying permissible military assistance to civilian law
enforcement agencies and the Coast Guard, especially in combatingdrug smuggling into the United
States. Posse Comitatus clarifications emphasize supportive and technical assistance
(e.g., use of facilities, vessels, and aircraft, as well as intelligence
support, technological aid, and surveillance) while generally prohibiting direct participation of Department of
Defense personnel in law enforcement (e.g., search, seizure, and arrests). For
example, a U.S. Navy vessel may be used to track, follow, and stop a vessel suspected of drug smuggling, but
Coast GuardLaw Enforcement
Detachments (LEDETS) aboard the Navy vessel would perform the actual boarding and, if
needed, arrest the crew.
On October 1, 2008, the US Army announced that the3rd Infantry
Division’s 1st Brigade Combat Team (BCT) will be under the day-to-day control of U.S. Army
North, the Army service component ofNorthern
Command (NORTHCOM), as an on-call federal response force for natural or man-made
emergencies and disasters, including terrorist attacks.
This marks the first time an active U.S. Army unit
will be given a dedicated assignment to NORTHCOM, where it is stated they may be"called upon
to help with civil unrest and crowd control or to deal with potentially horrific scenarios such as massive
poisoning and chaos in response to a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or high-yield explosive (CBRNE)
attack." These soldiers will also learn how to use non-lethal weapons designed
to"subdue unruly or dangerous individuals" without killing them, and
also includes equipment to stand up a hasty road block; spike strips for slowing, stopping or controlling traffic;
shields and batons; andbeanbag
bullets. However, the"non-lethal crowd control package [...] is intended for use on
deployments to the war zone, not in the U.S. [...]".
The US military will have around 20,000 uniformed personnel in this role in the United States by 2011,
specifically trained and equipped to assist state and local government, respond to major disasters, terrorist
attack, other major public emergencies. This shift in strategy is a result of recommendations by Congress and outside
experts. This response capability is not new, but now accompanies a permanent assignment of forces to
This formalizes a role for the use of federal troops within the United States during major public
emergencies and disasters, as was the case in the aftermath ofHurricane Katrina in
2005. This has raised concern about the relationship between Posse Comitatus and the use of the military
in domestic disaster support and homeland defense roles. However, federal military forces have a long history of domestic roles, including the occupation
of sovereign Southern states during Reconstruction and the confiscation of private firearms in the Katrina
aftermath. The Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the use of federal military forces to "execute the laws";
however, there is disagreement over whether this language may apply to troops used in an advisory, support,
disaster response, or other homeland defense role, as opposed to conventional law enforcement.
On December 10, 2008, theCalifornia Highway
Patrol announced its officers, along withSan Bernardino County
Sheriff's Department deputies and US Marine Corps Military Police, would jointly staff
some sobriety and drivers license checkpoints. However, the Marines at the checkpoints are not arresting individuals or enforcing any laws, which
would be a violation of the Posse Comitatus Act. A spokesperson said that the Marines were present to observe the checkpoint to learn how to
conduct checkpoints on base, to help combat the problem of Marines driving under the influence. The Marines at
a recent checkpoint learned techniques to conduct sobriety checkpoints and field sobriety
On March 10, 2009, active duty Army military police troops fromFort Rucker were deployed
toSamson, Alabama in response to a
murder spree. Samson police officials confirmed the troops' presence, but it remains unclear who requested the
troops and under what authority they were deployed. Thegovernor of Alabama did not
request military assistance and President Obama did not authorize their deployment. According to police
officials, the soldiers were involved in traffic control and securing the crime scene. An investigation into
possible violations of several federal laws including the Posse Comitatus Act, is underway. In October, the Army found that Posse had been violated and several military members received
Posse Comitatus (Latin): Power of the county. The whole force of the county: that
is, all the male members of a county over fifteen, who may be summoned by a sheriff to assist in preventing a riot,
the rescue of prisoners, or other unlawful disorders. Clergymen, peers, and the infirm are
Troops Deployed Ahead of Economic Collapse & Gun
The economic collapse, and ensuing civil unrest is coming - or so we've been told. Why else would
Homeland Security buy up more than 2 billion bullets, purchase more than 2700 tanks and stock pile weaponry all
while government white papers outline preparations for a martial law containment of society?
Ahead of that breakdown of society, Washington and the powers that control it have deployed troops across America
to train for domestic operation and acclimate the public to their presence. The friendlies, engaging in benign and
innocuous activities, will foster trust among the people and let down their guard when things go dark later. It is
classic psyops at work.
In that context, we see an acceleration of National Guard and regular Army troops used at public sporting events,
in crowd control at festivals and operating with police in law enforcement checkpoints, all in violation of Posse
Comitatus. Small examples of this have been occurring regularly in Texas, with a National or State Guard presence
at Kite Festivals, Texas Independence celebrations and other public events.
Document: Army Preparing to Use
Lethal Force Against “Unarmed Civilians” During “Full Scale Riots” in U.S.
Training manual outlines "sniper response" during crowd
by Paul Joseph Watson | August 18, 2014
A document released by the U.S. Army
details preparations for “full scale riots” within the United States during which troops may be forced to engage in
a “lethal response” to deal with unruly crowds of demonstrators.
The appearance of the document amidst growing unrest in Ferguson, Missouri, with the National Guard
now being called in to deal with the disorder, is an ominous coincidence.
The 132-page document, titled U.S. Army Techniques Publication 3-39.33: Civil
Disturbances (PDF), was written in April 2014 and recently obtained by Public Intelligence.
The document makes it clear that the techniques detailed therein are to be applied both outside
and inside the “continental United States (CONUS)” in the event of “unruly and violent crowds” where
it is “necessary to quell riots and restore public order.”
The training manual outlines scenarios under
which, “Civil unrest may range from simple, nonviolent protests that address specific issues, to events that turn
into full-scale riots.”
The most shocking aspect of the document is the fact that it describes the deployment of a “lethal
response” directed against “unarmed civilians,” including “sniper response” and “small arms direct fire.”
Under the heading “sniper response,” the document states, “Ensure that target leaders or
troublemakers are targeted,” in addition to a passage which states, “Exploit the psychological effect of an
Under the heading “small arms direct fire,”
the manual states, “Escalate gradually, starting with a small caliber, single round and work up to a large caliber,
Another graphic which depicts “escalation of trauma” directs soldiers how to use “riot batons” in
order to cause the necessary level of injury or death to the subject. “Deadly force final target areas” include the
back of the neck, the solar plexus, the neck, the spine and the head.
In light of events in Ferguson, where a
predominantly black community has faced off with militarized police, it’s interesting to note that the manual makes
reference to civil unrest that can arise out of “ethnic hatred” and, “Community unrest (that) results in urban
conflicts that arise from highly emotional social and economic issues.” The document also mentions how rioters
target “retail stores,” as happened during the looting in Ferguson.
“Significant ethnic differences in a community can create an atmosphere of distrust, even hatred……
(and) can cause an eruption of civil disorder that can lead to full riots,” states the document.
Although the document makes reference to the Constitutional rights of American citizens it goes on
to stress that such protections are null and void under a state of emergency, asserting that Posse Comitatus, which
is supposed to limit the power of the federal government to use military personnel domestically, “does not apply”
under declared “emergency authority” or “When the need for the protection of federal property or federal functions
It is important to stress that this training manual applies to U.S. Army operations in foreign
countries as well as domestically on U.S. soil. Indeed, section 2-18 of the document goes into detail about
domestic protests such as the 1999 anti-WTO demonstration in Seattle.
The emergence of the document as National Guard troops prepare to descend on Ferguson, Missouri to
deal with looting and civil unrest follows a report we published
just a few weeks before the outbreak of the Ferguson riots which documented how National Guard troops were
training to detain unruly African-American citizens in prison camps before handing them over to police.
In a special video report, Alex Jones documented how the story was part of wider preparations by
the government for domestic disorder that have been ongoing for years.
We have reported previously on similar documents that outline how the U.S. Army would be forced to
resort to lethal measures in order to deal with unruly Americans during times of emergency within the United
In 2012 we
coveredFM 3-39.40 Internment and Resettlement Operations, a U.S. Army manual that describes how
political activists in prison camps will be indoctrinated by specially assigned psychological operations officers.
The document makes numerous references to how government agencies like the DHS, ICE and FEMA will be involved in
the domestic internment of U.S. citizens during “civil support operations.”
A second US
Army Military Police manual that was leaked months later also outlined how military assets would be used
domestically to quell riots, confiscate firearms and even kill Americans on U.S. soil during mass civil unrest.
“Widespread civil violence inside the United States would force the defense establishment to
reorient priorities in extremis to defend basic domestic order and human security,” stated the report, authored by [Ret.] Lt.
Col. Nathan Freir, adding that the military may be needed to quell “purposeful domestic resistance”.
Rex 84, short for
Readiness Exercise 1984, was established under the pretext of a “mass exodus” of illegal aliens crossing the
During the Iran-Contra hearings in 1987, however, it was revealed that the program was a secretive
“scenario and drill” developed by the federal government to suspend the Constitution, declare martial law, assign
military commanders to take over state and local governments, and detain large numbers of American citizens
determined by the government to be “national security threats.”
An independent agency of the United States government responsible for
collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national
interest; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence under the supervision of the President and
National Security Council...There has been considerable criticism of the CIA relating to security
and counterintelligence failures, failures in intelligence analysis, human rights concerns,
external investigations and document releases, influencing public opinion and law enforcement, drug
trafficking, and lying to Congress. In 1987, the former CIA Station Chief in Angola in 1976, John
Stockwell, said the CIA is responsible for tens of thousands of covert actions and destablization
programs since it was created by Congress with the passage of the National Security Act of
1947.At the time, Stockwell estimated that over 6
million people had died in CIA covert actions.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a governmental agency
belonging to the United StatesDepartment of Justice that serves as both a federal criminal
investigative body and an internal intelligence agency (counterintelligence). Also, it is the
government agency responsible for investigating crimes on Indian reservations in the United States
under the Major Crimes Act. The branch has investigative jurisdiction over violations of more than
200 categories of federal crime. The agency was established in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation
(BOI). Its name was changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. The agency
headquarters is the J. Edgar Hoover Building, located in Washington, D.C. The agency has fifty-six
field offices located in major cities throughout the United States, and more than 400 resident
agencies in lesser cities and areas across the nation. More than 50 international offices called
"legal attachés" exist in U.S. embassies and consulates general worldwide.
'Federal Bureau of Investigation organizes almost
all terror plots in the US' ...The report reveals that the FBI regularly infiltrates communities
where they suspect terrorist-minded individuals to be engaging with others. Regardless of their
intentions, agents are sent in to converse within the community, find suspects that could
potentially carry out “lone wolf” attacks and then, more or less, encourage them to do so. By
providing weaponry, funds and a plan, FBI-directed agents will encourage otherwise-unwilling
participants to plot out terrorist attacks, only to bust them before any events fully
In 1991, the Club published The First Global
Revolution. It analyses the problems of humanity, calling these collectively or in essence the 'problematique'. It
notes (laments) that, historically, social or political unity has commonly been motivated by enemies in common:
"The need for enemies seems to be a common historical factor. Some states have striven to overcome domestic failure
and internal contradictions by blaming external enemies. The ploy of finding a scapegoat is as old as mankind itself - when things
become too difficult at home, divert attention to adventure abroad. Bring the divided nation together to face
an outside enemy, either a real one, or else one invented for the purpose. With the disappearance of the
traditional enemy, the temptation is to use religious or ethnic minorities as scapegoats, especially those
whose differences from the majority are disturbing." "Every state has been so used to classifying its
neighbours as friend or foe, that the sudden absence of traditional adversaries has left governments and
public opinion with a great void to fill. New enemies have to be identified, new strategies imagined, and new
THE GLOBALISTSMOVE FROM THEIRALQAEDA
CREATION,TO FABRICATING HOMEGROWN DOMESTIC
A failed attempt to recruit Aaron Russo resulted in recent
light being shed on the CFR...And The Fake War On Terror!
ago, after his popular video “Mad As Hell” was released and Aaron Russo began his campaign to become
Governor of Nevada, Russo was noticed by Nicholas Rockefeller and introduced to him by a female attorney. Seeing
Russo’s passion and ability to affect change, Rockefeller set about on a subtle mission to recruit Russo into the
elite’s CFR. Watch the full interview here: Reflections and
Aaron Russo talks about the CFR...And
The Fake War On Terror!
Aaron Russo talks about the CFR...And The Fake War On