" Look Into It - The Constitution

 

 

 

 
  
                                               

welcome

 

 

THE CONSTITUTION

WE ARE A CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC

 

 


 

 

How often have you heard people refer to America as a Democracy?  When was the last time that you heard America referred to as a Republic?   There is a very good reason that our Pledge of Allegiance refers to our country as a Republic and there is a very good reason that our Declaration of Independence and our constitution do not even mentioned the word "democracy". 
 
Many people are under the false impression our form of government is a democracy, or representative democracy. This is of course completely untrue. The Founders were extremely knowledgeable about the issue of democracy and feared a democracy as much as a monarchy.  They understood that the only entity that can take away the people's freedom is their own government, either by being too weak to protect them from external threats or by becoming too powerful and taking over every aspect of life. 

They knew very well the meaning of the word "democracy", and the history of democracies; and they were deliberately doing everything in their power to prevent having a democracy.

In a Republic, the sovereignty resides with the people themselves.  In a Republic, one may act on his own or through his representatives when he chooses to solve a problem. The people have no obligation to the government; instead, the government is a servant of the people, and obliged to its owner, We the People.  Many politicians have lost sight of that fact.

A Constitutional Republic has some similarities to democracy in that it uses democratic processes to elect representatives and pass new laws, etc The critical difference lies in the fact that a Constitutional Republic has a Constitution that limits the powers of the government.  It also spells out how the government is structured, creating checks on its power and balancing power between the different branches.

The goal of a Constitutional Republic was to avoid the dangerous extreme of either tyranny or mobocracy but what exists in America today is a far cry from the Constitutional Republic our forefathers brought forth.

 

 

THE CONSTITUTION FOR DUMMIES

 

Judge Andrew Napolitano on the history of the federal government's neglect, disdain, and continual erosion of the Constitution from John Adams to George W. Bush. Learn about the "Alien and Sedition Act", FISA, and the Patriot Act and what we must do to get back to Constitutional fidelity at the federal level.

 

 

 


Dr. Benjamin Rush

"Education is favorable to Liberty. Freedom can only exist in a society of knowledge. Without learning, men are incapable of knowing their rights, and where learning is confined to a few people, Liberty can neither be equal nor universal."


THE CONSTITUTION IS THE SOLUTION

 

1) The Dangers of Democracy

 

 

2) Enumerated vs. Unlimited Power

 

3) Constitutional Economics,

Constitutional Money

 

4) Constitutional War Powers

and the Enemy Within

 

5) Exposing the Enemies of Freedom

6) Restoring the Constitution

 

 

 

 

 

Constitutional Principles:

The Rule of Law

Do you understand why the rule of law is important for maintaining free society? The Bill of Rights Institute has created a short, engaging video for Bill of Rights Day on the constitutional principle of the rule of law. Exciting visuals from current events, an engaging historical narrative, brief scholar interviews, and memorable quotes will make this 8-minute video perfect for use on Bill of Rights Day, and every day! A short viewing guide is also available to guide you through the content.

 

 

 

Constitutional Principles: Representive Government 

Do you understand the key differences between a Republic and a Democracy? The Bill of Rights Institute has created a short, engaging video for Constitution Day on the constitutional principle of representative government. Exciting visuals from current events, an engaging historical narrative, brief scholar interviews, familiar music, and memorable quotes will make this 5-minute video perfect for use on Constitution Day, and every day! A short viewing guide is also available to guide you through the content.

 

 

 

(THE CONSTITUTION EXPLAINED FOR KIDS)

 

 

 

Constitutional Principles:

Seperation of Powers 

Do you understand why separation of powers is important for protecting our freedom? This short, engaging video focuses on the constitutional principle of separation of powers. Clear definitions and graphics, an engaging historical narrative, brief scholar interviews, and memorable quotes will make this 6-minute video perfect for use any time of the year! A short viewing guide is also available at www.BillofRightsInstitute.org.

 

 

 

 

Constitutional Principles:

Consent of the Governed

Do you understand the principle of consent of the governed? This short, engaging video focuses on the constitutional principle of consent of the governed through American history. Clear definitions and graphics, an engaging historical narrative, brief scholar interviews, and memorable quotes will make this 6-minute video perfect for use any time of the year! A short viewing guide is also available at www.BillofRightsInstitute.org.

 

 

 




 

 

Presidents and the Constitution

 

 

 

 

Federal Power:

Presidents and the Constitution

 

 

 

 

Election:

Presidents and the Constitution

 

 

 

 

Chief Diplomat:

Presidents and the Constitution

 

 

 

 

War:

Presidents and the Constitution

 

 

 

 

 


 

A CLASS ON THE CONSTITUTION

 

The Constitution Class

 

 

Michael Badnarik teaches his famous class about the Constitution

 http://www.constitutionpreservation.org/

 

 

 

 

Sovereign Solutions Michael Badnarik

http://www.constitutionpreservation.org/

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

The CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

Preamble

WE THE PEOPLE* of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, ESTABLISH

JUSTICE, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general

welfare, and SECURE THE BLESSINGS OF LIBERTY TO OURSELVES AND OUR

POSTERITY, do ORDAIN and ESTABLISH this Constitution for the United States of

America.

 Originally, the Constitution had no title but simply began “We the People...”

 

ARTICLE I

 

SECTION 1. ALL LEGISLATIVE POWERS HEREIN GRANTED SHALL BE VESTED IN A

CONGRESS of the UnitedStates, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of

Representatives.

SECTION 2. The house of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every

second Year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the

Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five

Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be

an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

Representatives and DIRECT TAXES SHALL BE APPORTIONED AMONG THE SEVERAL

STATES which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers,

which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of FREE PERSONS, including

those bound to Service for a term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all

other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting

of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such

Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for

every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at Least one Representative; and until such

enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Rhode

Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four,

Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South

Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof

shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the

sole Power of Impeachment.

SECTION 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each

State, [chosen by the legislature thereof] 3 for six years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be

divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The seats of the Senators of the first Class shall

be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second class at the Expiration of the

fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one-third may be

chosen every second Year; [and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the

Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary

Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been

nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of

that State for which he shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote,

unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of

the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose,

they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief

Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of

the members present.

Judgement in case of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and

disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States;

but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgement

and punishment, according to law.

Sect. 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives,

shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by

law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of chusing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first

Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Sect. 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own

members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number

may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent

members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each house shall provide.

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly

behavior, and with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same,

excepting such parts as may in their judgement require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the

members of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be

entered on the journal.

Neither house, during the sessions of Congress, shall without the consent of the other, adjourn

for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be

sitting.

Sect. 6. The senators and representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be

ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases,

except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance

at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for

any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to

any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the

emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no person holding any

office under the United States, shall be a member of either house during his continuance in

office.

Sect. 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives; but the

senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills.

Every bill which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, shall before it

become law, be presented to the president of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it,

but if not he shall return it, with his objections to that house it which it shall have originated,

who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after

such reconsideration two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent,

together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and

if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of

both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and

against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be

returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented

to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by

their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.

Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of

Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to

the President of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by

him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of

Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

Sect. 8.. The Congress shall have power:

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the

common defence and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises

shall be uniform throughout the United States;

To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian

tribes;

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies

throughout the United States;

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights

and measures;

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United

States;

To establish post offices and post roads;

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and

inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries;

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the

law of nations;

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on

land and water;

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer

term than two years;

To provide and maintain a navy;

To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces;

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections

and repel invasions;

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such part of

them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States

respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according

to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such

district (not exceeding ten square miles) as may, by cession of particular

States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of government of

the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased

by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be,

for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock yards, and other

needful buildings; - And

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing

powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States,

or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall

think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand

eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding

ten dollars for each person.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of

rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.

No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or

enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state. No preference shall be given for

any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: nor shall

vessels bound to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law;

and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall

be published from time to time.

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no person holding any office of

profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present,

emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

Sect. 10. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque

and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender

in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the

obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.

No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports,

except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce

of all duties and imposts, laid by any state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the

Treasury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of

the Congress. No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep

troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state,

or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger

as will not admit of delay.

 

ARTICLE II

 

Sect. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a president of the United States of America. He

shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the vice-president, chosen

for the same term, be elected as follows.

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of

electors, equal to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the state may be

entitled in the Congress: but no senator or representative, or person holding an office of trust or

profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom

one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a

list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign

and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to

the president of the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the presence of the senate and

House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The

person having the greatest number of votes shall be the president, if such number be a majority

of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such

majority, and have an equal number of votes, the house of representatives shall immediately

chose by ballot one of them for president; and if no person have a majority, then from the five

highest on the list the said house shall in like manner chose the president. But in choosing the

president, the vote shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a

quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states,

and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of

the president, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the vicepresident.

But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the senator shall chose

from them by ballot the vice-president.

The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day on which they shall

give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the

adoption of this constitution, shall be eligible to the office of president; neither shall any person

be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been

fourteen years a resident within the United States.

In case of the removal of the president from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to

discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the vice-president,

and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability,

both of the president and vice-president, declaring what officer shall then act as president, and

such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a president shall be

elected.

The president shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compensation, which shall neither

be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall

not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation:

“I DO SOLEMNLY SWEAR (OR AFFIRM).THAT I WILL FAITHFULLY EXECUTE THE

OFFICE OF PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, AND WILL TO THE BEST OF MY

ABILITY, PRESERVE, PROTECT AND DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION OF THE

UNITED STATES.”

Sect. 2. The president shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States,

and of the militia of the several States, when called into the actual service of the United States;

he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive

departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have

power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the United States, except in cases of

impeachment.

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, to make treaties,

provided two-thirds of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the

advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls,

judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are

not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law. But the Congress

may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the president

alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments.

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the

senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session.

Sect. 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the union,

and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient;

he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both houses, or either of them, and in case of

disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to

such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he

shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the

United States.

Sect. 4. The president, vice-president and all civil officers of the United States, shall be

removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high

crimes and misdemeanors.

 

ARTICLE III

 

Sect. 1. The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme court, and in

such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges,

both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall,

at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during

their continuance in office.

Sect. 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this

constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under

their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all

cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall

be a party; to controversies between two or more states, between a state and Citizens of another

state, between Citizens of different states, between Citizens of the same state claiming lands

under grants of different States, and between a state, or the Citizens thereof and foreign States,

Citizens or subjects.

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a

state shall be a party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases

before mentioned, the supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact,

with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be

held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed

within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have

directed.

Sect. 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in

adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason

unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on open confession in open

court.

The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason

shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.

 

ARTICLE IV

 

Sect. 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial

proceedings of every other state. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner

in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

Sect. 2. The Citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of Citizens

in the several states.

A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice,

and be found in another state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the state from

which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime.

No person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another,

shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or

labour, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be

due.

Sect. 3. New states may be admitted by the Congress into this union; but no new state shall be

formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be formed by the

junction of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of the legislatures of the

states concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations

respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this

Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any

particular state.

Sect. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a Republican form of

government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the

legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic

violence.

 

ARTICLE V.

 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose

amendments to this constitution, or, on the application of two-thirds of the several states, shall

call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents

and purposes, as part of this constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of

the several states, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of

ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided, that no amendment which may be

made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first

and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent,

shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the senate.

 

ARTICLE VI

 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution,

shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the confederation.

This constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof;

and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be

the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in

the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.

The senators and representatives beforementioned, and the members of the several state

legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several

States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this constitution; but no religious test

shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.

 

ARTICLE VII

 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the establishment of

this constitution between the States so ratifying the same.

Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the states present, the seventeenth day of

September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the

independence of the United States the twelfth. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed

our Names.

GEORGE WASHINGTON, president,

And Deputy from Virginia.

In CONVENTION,

Monday, September 17th, 1787.

PRESENT

The States of New-Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Mr. Hamilton from New-York,

New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina and

Georgia:

RESOLVED,

That the preceding Constitution be laid before the United States in Congress assembled, and

that it is the opinion of this Convention, that it should afterwards be submitted to a Convention

of Delegates, chosen in each State by the People thereof, under the Recommendation of its

legislature, for their Assent and Ratification; and that each Convention assenting to, and

ratifying the Same, should give Notice thereof to the United States in Congress assembled.

Resolved, That it is the Opinion of this Convention, that as soon as the Conventions of nine

States shall have ratified this Constitution, the United States in Congress assembled should fix a

Day on which Electors should be appointed by the States which shall have ratified the same,

and a Day on which the Electors should assemble to vote for the President, and the Time and

Place for commencing Proceedings under this Constitution. That after such Publication the

Electors should be appointed, and the Senators and Representatives elected: That the Electors

should meet on the Day fixed for the Election of the President, and should transmit their Votes

certified, signed, sealed and directed, as the Constitution requires, to the Secretary of the United

States in Congress assembled, that the Senators and Representatives should convene at the

Time and Place assigned; that the Senators should appoint a President of the Senate, for the sole

Purpose of receiving, opening and counting the Votes for President; and, that after he shall be

chosen, the Congress, together with the President, should, without Delay, proceed to execute

this Constitution.

By the Unanimous Order of the Convention,

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President,

WILLIAM JACKSON, Secretary

New-Hampshire John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman

Massachusetts Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King

Connecticut William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman

New-York Alexander Hamilton

New-Jersey William Livingston, David Brearley, William Paterson, Jonathan Dayton,

Pennsylvania Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Miffin, Robert Morris, George Clymer,

Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouverneur Morris,

Delaware George Read, Gunning Bedford, Junior, John Dickinson,

Richard Bassett, Jacob Broom.

Maryland James M’Henry, Daniel of St. Tho. Jenifer, Daniel Carrol

Virginia John Blair, James Madison, Junior

North-Carolina William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh Williamson.

South-Carolina John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Pinckney, Pierce

Butler.

Georgia William Few, Abraham Baldwin.

attest, William Jackson, Secretary

 

 

REACH OUT TO OTHERS

[Help Educate Family And Friends With This Page And The Links Below]

 

 




 

 

RELATED LINKS:

Bill of Rights

Free Speech 

Miranda Rights

Habeas Corpus

http://www.ushistory.org/documents/constitution.htm

 

GAMES TO TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE:

http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/student-resources/play-games/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

look into it videos 

 

 

invisible empire

 

 

hollerith dvd

 

obama deception

 

fall of the republic

 

Aaron Russo 

 

Terror Storm final cut 

 

 

police state 2000 

 

police state 2 the takeover

 

police state 3 total enslavement

 

police state 4

 

911 the road to tyranny

 

masters of terror

 

martial law 911 rise of the police state

 

blueprint of madmen

 

endgame